An early critic of social contract theory was Rousseau's friend, the philosopher David Hume, who in 1742 published an essay" Of Civil Liberty". The second part of this essay, entitled" Of the Original Contract"stresses that the concept of a" social contract" is a convenient fiction: Comparing Rousseau And Mill On Liberty Essay 1838 Words 8 Pages.
The term civil or social liberties is one that garners a lot of attention and focus from both Rousseau and Mill, although they tackle the subject from slightly different angles. Rousseau is quite happy to admit that we give up our natural freedom in joining the social contract. What we gain by doing so is civil liberty the security of having our (remaining) rights defended by the entire community.
Natural rights, lacking such security, are practically worthless by comparison. Liberty is a magic concept which has inspired millions to revolt and the history of mankind is nothing but the story of liberty.
It is a concept with magical touch for which people still prefer to die. In his writing, Rousseau describes two main forms of freedom the absolute liberty we enjoy in the state of nature and the freedom we preserve in civil society.
The former freedom is fundamentally unattractive, and the latter can be achieved only with the concept of the general will. Free Essay: The term" civil or social liberties" is one that garners a lot of attention and focus from both Rousseau and Mill, although they tackle By forcing its subjects to obey the social contract, the sovereign essentially forces its subjects to maintain the civil freedom that is part and parcel of this social contract. Some commentators have gone so far as to accuse Rousseau of Essay on Comparing Rousseau And Mill On Liberty The term civil or social liberties is one that garners a lot of attention and focus from both Rousseau and Mill, although they tackle the subject from slightly different angles.
Rousseau on Civil Religion Religion is a component of almost every society. Knowing this, one might look at the function it serves. For JeanJacques Rousseau, religion, specifically a civil religion established by the Sovereign, is an instrument of politics that serves a motivating function.
Rousseau draws three implications from this definition: (1) Because the conditions of the social contract are the same for everyone, everyone will want to make the social contract as easy as possible for all.