An Overview of Healthcare Management Jon M. Thompson, Sharon B. Buchbinder, Decision making: This function is critical to all of the aforementioned management lowerlevel positionhas responsibility only for the function of patient medical records. Three Levels of Management. Print Reference this. Disclaimer: Good information system is used to provide important information for decision making.
The information technology may be used for the processing, storing or distribution of data. Lower level management is also known as supervisory management. This level includes The lower level management informs the workers about the decisions which are taken by the management. Lower level management decisions essay also inform the management about the performance, difficulties, feelings, demands, etc.of the workers. Middle management decisions might include marketing a new product, communicating with and managing lower management and determining what issues need to be addressed with toplevel managers.
Each individual middle management department develops a strategy to meet its innerdepartmental goals. These decisions are normally made by the lower level managers or supervisors. The Decisions that are made at this level help to ensure that daily activities proceed smoothly helping to move a company towards reaching its strategic goal. In an organization, there are 3 levels of management: top level, middle level and lower level.
These three levels of management form a hierachy in an organization, in which they are ranked in order of importance (Persus Book Group 2002) Functions of lower level management are: (a) Representing the problems or grievances of workers before the middle level management. The supervisory level managers are directly linked with subordinates so they are the right persons to understand the problems and grievances of subordinates.
Decisionmaking under Risk:. When a manager lacks perfect information or whenever an information asymmetry exists, risk arises. Under a state of risk, the decision maker has incomplete information about available alternatives but has a good idea of the probability of outcomes for each alternative. The first level of management is called toplevel management. Top management is made up of seniorlevel executives of an organization, or those positions that hold the most responsibility.
In the literature there are two main views of empowerment (Lakew, 2011). The first is proposed by Robbins (2005), who defines the concept of empowerment as a participative management, delegation and the granting of power to lower level employees to make and enforce decisions.